Positions result from a process of study. Any given study, whether it be National, State, or Local, examines all sides of an issue in an objective manner. The general membership uses the study materials developed by a committee to address consensus questions on that topic. Additional discussion, pro and con, takes place as members (not part of the study committee) learn the scope of the study. After the members reach consensus, the board forms positions based on that consensus.
It is the consensus statement -- the statement resulting from the consensus questions -- that becomes a position. Firm action or advocacy can then be taken on the particular issue addressed by the position. Without a position, action/advocacy cannot be taken.